The Russian Federal Space Agency (RSA)

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Russian Federal Space Agency logo

The Russian Federal Space Agency, commonly called Roscosmos and abbreviated as RSA, is the government agency responsible for the Russian space social-economy and science programs.

Headquarters of Roscosmos are located in Moscow. Main Mission Control space flight operations centre is located in the nearby city of Korolev. The Cosmonauts Training Centre (GCTC) is in Star City.

Launch facilities used are Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan (with most launches taking place there, both manned and unmanned) and Plesetsk Cosmodrome in northern Russia used primarily for unmanned flights of military designations.

For more information visit the Russian Federal Space Agency website.

Russian Federal Space Agency logo Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) RESURS-DK1, METEOR-М №1, KANOPUS-B

NTs OMZ is the Operator of the Russian Earth observation satellites, ROSCOSMOS’ ground segment responsible for acquisition, recording, processing and dissemination of data from remote sensing systems. Technical facilities and soft and hardware of the ground segment can be easily adapted for receiving and processing the data from any foreign spacecraft.

For more information on NTs OMZ visit the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring website.


RESURS-DK1 Spacecraft

(In Operation) / June 15, 2006

RESURS-DK1 Spacecraft

Mission Objective

Multi-spectral remote sensing of the Earth’s surface aimed at acquiring high-quality visible images in near real-time as well as on-line data delivery via radio link and providing a wide range of consumers with value-added processed data.


Tasks to be Fulfilled

  • Data supply for resource management and economical activity (inventory of natural resources, topographic and thematic mapping)
  • Monitoring of pollution sources of the atmosphere, water and soil with the view of providing Federal and regional environmental authorities with the relevant information to make management decisions
  • On-line monitoring of man-made and natural emergencies for the purpose of effective planning and timely performing of measures to eliminate damages
  • Supplying home and foreign consumers on a commercial basis
  • Research activities

The RESURS-DK1 provides the Earth’s surface images in panchromatic range with resolution no worse than 1 metre and in three narrow spectral ranges with a 2-3m resolution in near real-time.


Special Features

The spacecraft’s special feature is the improved operational and accuracy characteristics of images acquired. Due to design technologies, the RESURS-DK has considerable reserves in mass, capacity, and power supply that enable other target-oriented instruments to be installed as well as accompanying scientific and application experiments to be carried out.

Thus, the RESURS-DK1 will be equipped with the Italian PAMELA science instrument designed for studying antimatter: antiprotons, positrons, nuclear and electronic components in primary cosmic radiation, and with the Russian ARINA science instrument designed for recording high-energy electrons and protons, their identification, discrimination of high-energy particle bursts-earthquake forerunners.


Main Characteristics

  • Launch date - 15 June 2006
  • Spacecraft mass - 6570 kg
  • Payload mass - 1200 kg
  • Launcher - Soyuz-FG
  • Spaceport - Baikonur
  • Orbital parameters:
    1. H=360-604 km
    2. i= 70.4°
  • Swath width (at nadir): with H=350km – up to28.3km
  • FOR (Field of Regard): with H=350km – 448km
  • Resolution on ground:
    1. No worse than 1m (panchromatic band)
    2. 2.0-3.0m (in narrow spectral bands)
  • Active life: 3 years
  • Developer: GNP RKTs TsSKB-Progress


METEOR-М №1 Spacecraft

METEOR-М №1 Spacecraft

(In Operation) / 20 September 2009

Mission Objective

Global observation of atmosphere and Earth’s underlying surface to acquire hydrometeorological and heligeophysical data on a regular and global basis.


Tasks to be Fulfilled

Acquiring multi-band images including radar ones and measurements of the "Earth’s surface – atmosphere" system outgoing radiation over different ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum;

  • Obtaining heligeophysical data
  • Acquisition and transmission of data from DCPs of different types (ground, ice, drifting)


Main Characteristics

  • Prime developer - Research and Production Enterprise Pan-Russian Research Institute for Electromechanics (FGUP NPP VNIIEM)
  • Orbit - Circular sun-synchronous, Н average=832km, Т=101.3min, i=98.068°
  • Launcher - "Soyuz-GF" with "Fregat" booster

The spacecraft is based upon a unified space platform that provides the Onboard Instrument Payload (BIK) installation and operation:

  • There are two attitude-hold modes:
    • Main attitude-hold mode – three-axis "Earth – Track"
    • Supplementary mode – three-axis "Earth-Sun"
  • Mean-square error of attitude control by X, Y axes is no more than 10 angular min, by Z axis it is no more than 15 angular min
  • Energy supply – Daily average: up to 1000 W - Maximum for 10 minutes: up to 1350W
  • Spacecraft mass – 2700kg
  • Payload mass – 320kg


Basic Information Equipment

  • Multispectral optical instruments of visible and IR regions (KMSS, MSU-MR)
  • Radiometric microwave equipment for atmospheric temperature and humidity sounding (MTVZA)
  • Heligeophysical equipment (GGAK-M) consisting of five instruments designed for studying radiation of wide energy spectrum
  • Onboard Radar Complex (BRLK) for taking radar images of the Earth’s surface regardless of weather conditions
  • Data Collection and Transmission Radio System comprising a system for acquiring data from ground measuring platforms (SSPD)


METEOR-M Instrument Package Main Characteristics


  • Number of spectral bands – 6
  • Spectral range – 0.5-12.5µm
  • Swath width (when imaging from 835km altitude) — > 2800
  • Spatial resolution (pixel size projection onto ground with Н=835km) — < 1.0km
  • KMSS Summarised Characteristics:
    1. Number of spectral bands – 4
    2. Spectral range – 0.45-0.9µm
  • Swath width when 2 cameras run concurrently – 1000-1200km
  • Resolution — < 70m


  • Signal carrier frequency — 9500-9700MHz
  • Swath width – no less than 450km
  • Spatial resolution:
    1. Low resolution mode – 0.7×1.0km
    2. Medium resolution mode – 0.4×0.5km


  • Number of spectral bands – 26
  • Spectral range – 18.7 ÷ 183.31GHz
  • Swath width – 2800km
  • Spatial resolution – 9-50km


  • Number of serviced platform (DCP) — about 5 thousand
  • Number of concurrently serviced DCPs — about 150


Kanopus-V №1 Spacecraft (In Operation since 2012)

Kanopus-V №1 Spacecraft

Main applications:

  • Cartography
  • Agriculture
  • Land Use
  • Urban Planning
  • Environment assessment
  • Disaster monitoring


Application for emergency monitoring tasks:

  • Technological and natural disasters monitoring, including hydrometeorological phenomena monitoring
  • Forest fires and major environmental pollution emissions detection
  • Anomalous phenomena registration in order to research the possibility of earthquake prediction
  • Oil spills monitoring
  • Infrastructure destruction assessment of disaster-affected cities


Main Characteristics

Operating bands
Operating modes
Revisit period
(PSS) Panchromatic imaging system
0.54-0.86 p
Nadir to ± 40°
23 km
2.1 m
5 days
(MSS) Multispectral imaging system
0.46-0.52 n
0.51-0.60 p
0.63-0.69 p
0.75-0.84 p
20 km
10.5 m